The history of Orthopaedics Department at Assam Medical College began in the year 1957 with the appointment of Dr. A. Z. Ahmed as Assistant Professor of Orthopaedics. Later on he became the First Professor of Orthopaedics and continued  till he retired on 28.2.1981 (1957-1981).
Dr. Siva Nath Baruah, Assistant Professor, became Incharge of the Orthopaedic  Unit after the retirement of Prof. Ahmed. He became Associate Professor on 1.9.81 and Professor on 6.6.87. He breathed his last on 14.2.89 while in service.
Dr. S. Lahkar took over the charge of the Unit as Associate Professor on 14.2.89 and became Professor on 12.5.92. He remained HOD till he was transferred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of GMC in May 2007.
Dr. Ranjit Kr. Baruah, Associate Professor, took over the Charge of the Department after Dr. Lahkar and was subsequently promoted to Professor of Orthopaedics on 14.8.2007.
The Orthopaedic Unit was made a full fledged Department after separating it from General Surgery on 3rd August,1992. However PG course ( MS-Orthopaedics) was started from 16.5.89.Till now a total number of   42 Post Graduates(MS Orthopaedics) have passed out from the department. From 2010, number of PG intake has been raised from 2 to 3 per year
The department is well equipped with all modern  operation facilities Like C-Arm, Power Drills like Pnumatic and Electrical  drill, Pneumatic Tourniquet, Arthroscopy, Interlocking Nail, Spinal Instrumentation, pelvic Surgery set, Distractors, Locking Compression Plating, etc. Some of the surgeries that are being performed on regular basis are Locked Compression Plating, Interlocking nailing, Arthoscopy and Arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with Bio screws, Ilizarov for various conditions, Total Joint replacement, Spinal instrumentation like Hartshil, Pedicle screw rod system, Anterior cervical surgery for trauma and PIVD of cervical spine etc.
There are three units in the department with total more than 90 beds. There are 9 consultants and 2 registrars in the department. A new 5 storeyed building for the Department, to house the entire department including Operation Theatres, Physiotherapy, Conference cum library etc. is under construction. The Department runs 7X24 Emergency services with all days OPD and OTs (except Sundays).
There is a Physiotherapy unit in the Department with both Physical and Electrical equipments to offer various physical therapies. There is a Diploma Course in Physiotherapy under the Institute of Paramedical Science,Assam Medical College. A District Disability Assessment and  Rehabilitation Centre(DDRC) is attached to the Department where HOD is the Nodal Officer. The Centre organizes Disability Assesement Camps in collaboration with District welfare Department to issue Disability Certificates.
The Department organized few conferences like Annual Conference of Association of Spine Surgeons of India in 1995, Annual Conference of North East Regional Orthopaedic Surgeons Association (NEOSCON) in 1996, 2003.